lecture by His Divine Grace A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada,
Founder-Acharya of the International Society for Krishna Consciousness,
given in Mauritius on October 2, 1975.
matir na krishne paratah svato va
mitho ‘bhipadyeta griha-vratanam
adanta-gobhir vishatam tamishram
punah punah charvita-charvananam.
are trying to spread this Krishna consciousness movement, but
it is very difficult because people are so much addicted to material
enjoyment. Reviving our Krishna consciousness is the ultimate
goal of human life. Krishna is God. This is the verdict of the
Vedic literature: Krishnas tu bhagavan svayam. Most people,
at the present moment in this Kali-yuga, are not interested in
God. Why not? Lord Krishna explains why in the Bhagavad-gita,
(7.15) na mam duskrtino mudhah prapadyante naradhamah,
mayayapahrta-jnana asurim-bhavam ashritah. People could be
utilizing their intelligence for making their lives perfect, but
instead of doing that, they engage in sinful activities. Sinful
activities means being addicted to sense gratification. The symptoms
of such addiction are very prominent in this age. Everyone is
working very hard simply for sense gratification. As soon as you
become addicted to simply gratifying your senses, you are sure
to commit sinful activities. For example, throughout the whole
world there are so many breweries manufacturing liquor. Especially
in the Western countries you will find so many advertisements
for liquor, whiskey, cigarettes etc. Not to speak of the hundreds
and thousands of slaughterhouses all over the world, where innocent
animals are being unnecessarily killed. People can live nicely
on food grains. In the Bhagavad-gita (3.14), Krishna
says Simply by growing food grains, both men and animals can live
very happily. You can grow food grains very easily. I have seen
in the Western countries how they grow food grains to feed animals,
and the animals are eaten by man. To feed one cow for being eaten
by man, they use 17 times more land that could be used for feeding
humans. We can be very happy eating food grains, which we must
produce either for ourselves or for the animals. Without producing
food grains you cannot even eat the meat.Because animals need
food grains and vegetables, you have to produce. But because we
have uncontrolled senses, instead of eating the grains, we are
eating the animals.
God-made laws, any living being you kill, you will get the same
punishment. We do not know that by killing innocent animals we
are going to the darkest region of hellish life. You are not allowed
to kill even an ant. W e do not consider that The life which I
am killing for my subsistence is eating grains, and I can also
eat grains to live. So why shall I commit this sin of killing
another living being? We are now implicated in so much sinful
life, and we are reaping the result, which is to suffer repeated
birth and death. Yet we are not going to die (Bg. 2.20).
The atheists think like that — When this body is finished,
everything is finished. That is not the fact. We are simply changing
the dress, this body. But as souls, we are eternal. On account
of our uncontrolled, unbridled senses, we are changing different
types of bodies. Suppose I am now a human being, I am enjoying
life very nicely, but if in my next life, I become a street dog,
how miserable a life that is. Or even I become a very powerful
animal, a tiger or lion, still, it is a miserable life. So long
we shall be in the material world, changing different bodies,
it is miserable. Any type of body we may take, it is painful and
miserable. So I see that on this island of Mauritius you have
enough land to produce all your food grains. But I understand
that instead of growing food grains, you are growing sugar cane
for export. Why? You are dependent on food grains - on rice, wheat
and dhal. You should first of all grow your own eatables. If your
population has sufficient food grains, then you can try to grow
other fruits and vegetables for export. The first necessity is
that you should be self-sufficient. That is God’s arrangement.
Not only in your country but everywhere there is sufficient land
to produce food grains. I have traveled all over the world, Africa,
Australia and America also, where I have seen so much vacant land,
that if used to produce food grains, we could feed ten times as
much population as at present. There is no question of scarcity.
The whole creation is so made by Krishna where everything is purnam,
complete. Purnam idam purnam adah purnat purnam udacyate,
the Supreme Lord is complete, as is His creation (Sri-Upanishad
Krishna has made a complete arrangement for everyone to live peacefully
and happily, but if you don’t produce enough food grains,
you will unnecessarily put men into scarcity, and that is sinful.
Every instruction in the Vedic scriptures is intended to teach
us how to advance in Krishna consciousness and make our lives
happy and perfect. Unfortunately, we do not know what perfect
life is. Therefore it is said in the above verse, punah punah
charvita charvananam: chewing the chewed. W e have now got this
human form of life, and suppose by our pious activities we may
be elevated to the higher planetary system, Svargaloka,
the heavenly planets. But what we shall gain there? A higher standard
of sense gratification, that’s all. Just like the cats and
dogs enjoy sense gratification, same as do the human-beings or
the demigods. The sensual pleasures are not different. It is the
same pleasure. So, in this material world, we are changing our
body (tatha dehantara praptih, Bg.2.13), and enjoying
similar sense gratification. When we become disgusted with this
business, that is called advanced knowledge. Such knowledge leads
to renunciation, or detachment, and this can only be achieved
by Krishna consciousness. In the Bhagavad-Gita (4.9),
Lord Krishna clearly states, janma karma ca me divyam.
we simply understand Krishna in truth, then, tyaktva deham
punar janma naiti mam eti , the result will be that after
giving up this present body we will not have to accept another
material body, but we will go to Krishna in the spiritual world.
To accept another material body is called punah punah charvita-charvananam.
Either I get this human form of body, or the body of a dog or
demigod, the business is the same, ahara-nidrabhaya- maithunam
ca: eating, sleeping, defense and sex life. By sense enjoyment
our life is being spoiled, and it can only be stopped by Krishna
consciousness. Krishna consciousness cannot be achieved by grha-vratanam,
which means that those who are only interested in family life
for sense gratification. For them it is very difficult. The above
verse was spoken between father and son. The son is Prahlada,
who is a devotee, and the father, Hiranyakashipu, is a materialistic
person. His only interest is money and women. This is the difference
between a devotee and non-devotee. So the father was challenging
his son, Where did you get this Krishna consciousness? The son
replied matir na krishne paratah svato va: My dear father,
this Krishna consciousness cannot be achieved by speculation or
by hearing from others. Why? By grhavratanam, if one
is addicted to this material way of life, he cannot understand,
or be convinced about Krishna consciousness. In the Bhagavad-Gita,
(2.44) it is said, bhogaisvarya-prasaktanam tayapahrta-cetasam,
vyavasayatmika buddhih samadhau na vidhiyate. Those who are
too attached to a materialistic way of life, or sense gratification,
cannot become fixed in Krishna consciousness. See these boys,
from Europe and America, who have adopted this spiritual life
by having stopped the process of sense gratification – no
illicit sex, no meat-eating, no gambling and no intoxication,
which is the basis of a materialistic way of life. Otherwise where
is the difference between spiritual life and materialistic life?
we stick to the materialistic way of life, it will be very, very
difficult to understand this Krishna consciousness movement. Why?
Adanta-gobhih. Adanta means uncontrolled, and gobih,
senses. Our senses are uncontrolled. The so-called modern civilization
means to allow the senses to enjoy as much as possible. This is
now considered advanced civilization. Yet we do not know the subtle
laws of nature and of God - how things are happening - how things
are going on. And without knowing these facts, our human life
is spoiled. This morning, while I was walking on the beach, we
found so many things, the capsules of soft-drinks, cigarette butts
and so many other things. So what is the necessity of these things?
You don’t find all these things in our ISKCON society. We
don’t drink commercial soft drinks. We don’t smoke.
So many things which are selling in the market in huge quantity
by advertisement, by victimizing the poor customer these are called
unnecessary things. There is no need of such things. But adanta-gobhih,
because the senses cannot be controlled, big business is going
on. So we have to control the senses. If we really want spiritual
life, if we really want to be free from these material clutches,
then we have to learn how to control the senses. That is wanted.
That is the purpose of human life. Human life is not meant for
imitating the life of cats, dogs and hogs. Today a press representative
came to take some information.
first information is that we are trying to bring people to the
standard of human being from the standard of cats and dogs life.
This is Krishna consciousness. Cats and dogs life means adanta-go,
uncontrolled senses. That is cats and dogs life. Just like one
female dog becomes surrounded by one dozen male dogs. Why? Adanta
gobhih - they cannot control their senses. They are having
sex on the street. Human life means sense-control. That is human
life. If you remain like cats and dogs, adantagobhih, without
controlling the senses, then where is the difference between a
dog and you? There is no difference. The Krishna consciousness
movement is trying to convince and educate people of the higher
values of life. We have not manufactured all this. It is received
from the Vedas. Vedas means the books of knowledge. So human life
is meant for acquiring knowledge. The Srimad Bhagavatam (5.5.4)
says, nunam pramattah kurute vikarma yad indriya-pritaya aprnoti,
na sadhu manye yata atmano ’yam asann api klesada asa dehah.
People have become mad, pramattah, and are doing all sorts of
sinful activities. Vikarma means sinful activities. Why
they are doing so? Yad indriya-pritaya aprnoti: Simply for sense
gratification. There is no higher aim, only sense gratification.
The shastra says, na sadhu manye, This is not good. Why?
Because on account of our sinful activities we have already got
this painful, miserable, conditioned life, which is this body.
If we still go on like that, then again we shall get such a body
and suffer. This is jnana, knowledge. Every one of us, we are
trying to be happy without any suffering. That is the aim of life.
are living beings, part and parcel of Krishna. Our nature is to
become happy, pleased, joyful. But sense enjoyment is not the
way of becoming happy or joyful. This is not the way. The real
way is different - it is Krishna consciousness. So everyone should
be very serious to accept this process of Krishna consciousness,
not only personally, but to teach others also, state-wise, family-wise
and community-wise. We should be liberal. So give them the proper
chance to understand Krishna consciousness so that they can make
their life happy and attain the stage of eternity. We are eternal.
Simply we are changing bodies. It is a great science. But unfortunately
there is no such teaching in the schools, colleges or university.
Simply we are in darkness. If we keep people in darkness and advertise
that we are advancing, it is another type of cheating. So people
should understand the value of life, the science of life, that
we are changing this body. And it is simply miserable. Everything
is clear in the Bhagavad-Gita. If you take to Krishna consciousness,
study Bhagavad-Gita, and thereafter study Srimad Bhagavatam, then
your life will successful.
every father, every statesman, every guardian, every guru, every
relative - everyone – should educate his dependants in Krishna
consciousness, to give them a chance to be liberated from this
bondage of miserable conditions of material life. Thank you very
much. Hare Krishna.