of the most important and frequently used prayers of the devotees
of the Supreme Personality of Godhead Lord Sri Krishna is as follows:-
govindaya namo namah
My Lord, Supreme God of the brahmanas, You are the well-wisher
of the cows and the brähmanas. Dear Lord Krishna, You are
the well-wisher of the entire human society and world and the
beloved of the cows, who You love so much. Please accept my humble
obeisances.” (Vishnu Purana 1.19.65)
Krishna is a transcendental cowboy, and His topmost spiritual
kingdom of God is known as Goloka, or the planet of cows. The
cow is the most important of animals because she is the mother
of all the demigods and human beings. Almost everyone in the world
daily drinks some cows milk and eats butter, ghee (clarified
butter), or cheese made from that milk throughout their lives.
Therefore from a moral point of view because we all drink cow’s
milk, the cow is our mother. According to Vedic civilization,
there are seven mothers whom everyone should venerate.
dhenur dhatri tatha prithvi
saptiata matarah smritah
(from Chanyaka’s Niti Shastra)
is our own mother from whom we take birth. Guru-patni
is the wife of the guru or teacher, who is also our mother just
as the bona-fida guru is our well-wishing spiritual father. Brahmani,
or the wives of Brahmanas should also be considered as mothers,
as should be raja-patnika, or queens, or, in modern society,
the wives of presidents or prime-ministers. Dhenur means
the mother cow who feeds humans with her milk. Prithvi
is mother earth, (bhumi-devi), who often takes the form
of a sacred cow when in the heavenly planets or in the eternal
pastimes of the Lord. Dhatri means a nurse, who cares for us just
like a mother.
of the Lord’s names is Madhava, or He who is the dearmost
of the original Goddess of fortune Sri Radha. Ma is also another
name of the Goddess Laxmi, and that of Her external representation
as Durga. Hence the seven mothers are all representatives of that
one divine maternal energy. Laxmi-devi is also the goddess of
illusory material universe is constituted of time and distance.
In the spiritual or anti-material world known as Goloka, it is
taught in the Vedic literatures that time and distance are both
conspicuous by their absence. Just as the Lord is present in the
hearts of all living entities via the anti-material fourth dimension
as Supersoul, so the demigods of the heavenly planets are said
to transcendentally reside in the sacred cow.
it was in most ancient civilizations, the Vedas consider real
wealth to consist of the possession of cows and grains, not the
paper money used nowadays. In Vedic culture the bull is venerated
as the father, as he is used to plough the fields and hence provide
an abundance of food grains, and the cow is venerated as mother
for her constant supply of milk products. Furthermore, ghee is
the essential ingredient offered in fire sacrifices by brahmanas
since time immemorial, and in this way the Supreme Lord’s
demigods of the heavenly planets get their sustenance. In the
Bhagavada-gita (chapter 3 verses 10 & 11), the Lord
explains that the performance of fire sacrifices is the way to
obtain all kinds of opulences in life.
of ISKCON’s international projects is the establishment
of branches of the International Society for Cow Protection Inc.
(ISCOWP), in many countries. (Please visit their web-site at
India and in Mauritius Hindus traditionally worship mother cow
as a representative of Goddess of fortune Sri Laxmi-devi. Societies
that promote cow-killing in slaughterhouses are all progressively
abandoned by the Goddess of fortune. Since some years now we are
seeing that the Mauritian economy is steadily declining. In order
to try to reverse this trend, we would like to propose that all
those who are sympathetic to this cause may come forward and help
us set up a local branch of ISCOWP, as a non-profit educational
organization, and thus get the full blessings of Mother Laxmi-devi.
Individuals, families, business organizations and even municipal
councils and government organizations may all participate by adopting
a cow. This may be done by means of monthly contributions and
thus become life members of ISCOWP; and for those who can afford
it can donate a cow. Hindu families who do not wish to send their
old and barren cows to the slaughterhouse and reap the terrible
consequence of such bad karma could use such a facility to retire
their cows and bulls by donating them to ISCOWP where they will
be protected and loved until their natural deaths. For this purpose
we would need to acquire some land near the sea-side where cows
can be protected and lovingly served by our ISKCON devotees for
the pleasure of the Lord. The advantage of establishing an ISCOWP
farm near the sea side is that the sea air will reduce the problem
of deer-flies (horse-flies).
temple and an ashrama with a guesthouse and individual guest bungalows
will be constructed for the use of ISCOWP life members and donors
as well as tourists who may then spend a weekend with their families
and acquire the benediction of the Lord and His Goddess of fortune
by engaging in go-seva or service of mother cow, while at the
same time taking advantage of the pleasant sea side atmosphere.
Gopala’s restaurant and milk sweet shop will also be set
up where the pure cow’s milk can be used to make a wide
variety of delicious prasadam or sanctified offerings of sandesha,
burfi, rasgullas, kheer, shrikanda etc. These could also be sent
to our ISKCON temples to be offered to Their Lordships Sri Sri
Radha Golokanada and Sri Sri Krishna Balarama and then distributed
in ISKCON restaurants in Phoenix and Centre de Flacq.
dung, according to Vedic injunction, is pure. In India it is actually
used as an antiseptic. In villages especially, there is large
quantity of cow dung, and the houses are regularly plastered with
a mixture of cow dung and mud which makes the house antiseptic
and free from all insects and germs. Staying in such a room that
has been smeared with cow dung, when it is dried, one will find
it very purifying and will feel refreshed, cool in the hot summers
and warm in winter. Guests and tourists will be thus able to get
practical experience of living according to the uplifting Vedic
lifestyle. In India, one Dr. Ghosh, a great chemist, examined
cow dung, wanting to know why cow dung is so very important in
the Vedic literature. He found that cow dung contains all the
antiseptic properties. In Ayur-veda, cow dung dried and burned
into ashes is used as an antiseptic toothpowder.
Gober-gas plant may also be set up for using the generated bio-gas
for cooking. The University of Mauritius once analyzed the digested
slurry from the gober-gas plant at ISKCON Vedic Farm in Bon Accueil
and found that one liter contained almost double the amount of
NPK and trace elements than ordinary manure, thus providing excellent
natural organic fertilizer. To
see more of our cows and biogas plant, please click
Vedic Farm - ISKCON Goshalla and Biogas Plant
ISKCON Vedic Farm cows and the goshalla (cow-shed) and gober-gas
das worked for the ISKCON Vrindavana Goshalla project during Srila
Prabhupada's lifetime and on many different ISKCON Goshalla projects
since. He will be helping us in Mauritius with our ISKCOWP project.
' THE COW AND THE BULL ARE NEVER A BURDEN'
Srila Prabhupada instructed His disciples to become spiritually
self realized and materially self-sufficient. During my stay at
Sri Sri Krishna-Balaram Mandir in Vrindavana, India,
in 1976, Srila Prabhupada encouraged the grihasta devotees
to begin accepting donations of cows with calves in order to produce
milk for the newly established Temple Deities, for the Gurukula
school / Ashrama and for their families. This project
started on a small scale.
One of Srila Prabhupada’s instructions to Gunarnava das
(in charge of the ISKCON Goshalla in Vrindavana) was, “Whatever
the cow gives you in milk ,you give her back in food and consider
the dung and urine to be your profit. The cows are already performing
a miracle by transforming grains and fodder into milk, so do not
expect a monetary profit.”
In this way, He established Varna and Ashrama
based on simple living for higher thinking. Such a wonderful art
of living is ours to develop, practice and apply according to
time, place and circumstances. The structure already exists, it
is up to us to fill in the details and to please the Guru Parampara.
The mother and father, the cow and the bull, if properly respected
and integrated in society will always supply what we need in so
many ways. Their association will help elevate society to the
mode of goodness. Their milk products are essential for the proper
human growth and health.
Other useful items obtained from cow protection are:
1) Oxen and bull power can be used for working in agricultural
fields and for rural technology and engineering projects.
2) Cow-dung can be burned for heating and cooking and the ashes
used as an antiseptic and for cleaning.
3) Methane gas from the bio-gas plant can also be burned for heating
and cooking and the digested slurry is an excellent organic fertilizer.
4) Ahimsa paper can be manufactured from ruminated cellulose.
5) Ahimsa leather and fertilizers become available when natural
any of these projects is adopted sincerely, especially in a country
like Mauritius for example, a gradual organic reverse process
will take place in time, eliminating any economical and agricultural
When cow protection becomes part of society, there is no question
of unemployment, and a consequent reduction of crime and disease.
Those who are simple and sincere in their heart will find this
art of living very logical and easy to adopt.
ALL GLORIES TO SRILA PRABHUPADA! HARE KRISHNA. Dvijavara
who are interested in participating in this project may please
contact Arjuna das at 7709108.
from Srila Prabhupada:
economic point of view, if one man has got a cow and four acres
of land, he has no economic problem. That we want to start. He
can independently live in any part of the world. Simply he must
have one cow and four acres of land. Let the people be divided
with four acres of land and a cow, there will be no economic question.
All the factories will be closed. (Room Conversation: May
11, 1969, Columbus, Ohio)
civilization was to keep some land and keep some cows. Then your
whole economic question is solved. If you have got excess, then
you can trade, you can send to some place where there is scarcity.
But every man should produce his own food. That is Vedic culture.
You get a piece of land and produce your family's foodstuff.
(Bhagavad-gita Lecture 13.35, Geneva, June 6, 1974)
to Manu, the great author of Vedic civic codes and religious principles,
(Manu-samhitä), even the killer of an animal is to be considered
a murderer because animal food is never meant for the civilized
man, whose prime duty is to prepare himself for going back to
He says that in the act of killing an animal, there is a regular
conspiracy by a party of sinners, and all of them are liable to
be punished as murderers exactly like a party of conspirators
who kill a human being. He who gives permission, he who kills
the animal, he who sells the slaughtered animal, he who cooks
the animal, he who administers distribution of the foodstuff,
and at last he who eats such cooked animal food are all murderers,
and all of them are liable to be punished by the laws of nature.
No one can create a living being despite all advancement of material
science, and therefore no one has the right to kill a living being
by one's independent whims. For the animal-eaters, the scriptures
have sanctioned restricted animal sacrifices only, and such sanctions
are there just to restrict the opening of slaughterhouses and
not to encourage animal-killing. Eating meats supplied by organized
slaughterhouses, which are ghastly places for breeding all kinds
of material afflictions to society, country and the people in
general, is one of the grossest types of sins . The material world
is itself a place always full of anxieties, and by encouraging
animal slaughter the whole atmosphere becomes polluted more and
more by war, pestilence, famine and many other unwanted calamities.
(Srimad-Bhagavatam Canto 1: Chapter 7 Text 37: Purport)
the cow means drawing the principles of religion in a liquid form.
The great rishis and munis would live only on milk. Srila Sukadeva
Gosvämi would go to a householder while he was milking a
cow, and he would simply take a little quantity of it for subsistence.
Even fifty years ago, no one would deprive a sadhu of a quart
or two of milk, and every householder would give milk like water.
For a Sanatanist (a follower of Vedic principles) it is the duty
of every householder to have cows and bulls as household paraphernalia,
not only for drinking milk, but also for deriving religious principles.
The Sanatanist worships cows on religious principles and respects
brahmanas. The cow’s milk is required for the sacrificial
fire, and by performing sacrifices the householder can be happy.
The cow’s calf not only is beautiful to look at, but also
gives satisfaction to the cow, and so she delivers as much milk
as possible. But in the Kali-yuga, the calves are separated from
the cows as early as possible for purposes which may not be mentioned
in these pages of Srimad-Bhagavatam. The cow stands with tears
in her eyes, the shudra milkman draws milk from the cow artificially,
and when there is no milk the cow is sent to be slaughtered. These
greatly sinful acts are responsible for all the troubles, violence
and wars in present society. People do not know what they are
doing in the name of economic development. The influence of Kali
will keep them in the darkness of ignorance. Despite all endeavors
for peace and prosperity, they must try to see the cows and the
bulls happy in all respects. Foolish people do not know how one
earns happiness by making the cows and bulls happy, but it is
a fact by the law of nature. Let us take it from the authority
of Srimad-Bhagavatam and adopt the principles for the total happiness
(Srimad-Bhagavatam Canto 1: Chapter 17 Text 3: Purport)
cannot become spiritually advanced without acquiring the brahminical
qualifications and giving protection to cows.
(Srimad-Bhagavatam Canto 6: Chapter Eighteen, Text 52: Purport)
Vedic culture, the welfare of the cows and the welfare of the
brahmanas are essential. Without a proper arrangement for developing
brahminical culture and protecting cows, all the affairs of administration
will go to hell.
(Srimad-Bhagavatam Canto 7: Chapter Three, Text 13: Purport)
protection of cows (the earth), brahminical culture (religious
principles), cannot be maintained; and without brahminical culture,
the aim of life cannot be fulfilled. (Srimad-Bhagavatam Canto
8: Chapter Twenty-four, Text 5: Purport)
Krshi-go-rakshya-vanijyam vaishya-karma svabhava-jam. (Bhagavad-gita
18.44).We don't stop trade. We don't stop producing food grains.
But we want to stop these slaughterhouses. It is very, very sinful.
Therefore in Europe there are so many wars. Every ten or fifteen
years, there is a big war and wholesale slaughter of the whole
human kind. And the rascal leaders, they do not see it. The reaction
must be there. You are killing innocent cows and animals. Nature
will take revenge. Wait for that. As soon as the time is ripe,
the nature will gather all these rascals, and club and slaughter
them. They will fight amongst themselves, Protestant and Catholic,
Russia and France, and France and Germany. This is going on. Why?
This is the nature's law. Tit for tat. You have killed. Now you
be killed. (Room Conversation: June 11, 1974, Paris)
cow is a very important animal. From her milk you get so many
nutritious foods. So apart from religious sentiment, from economic
point of view, cow-killing is not good. Christ says, “Thou
shall not kill— stop wholesale killing.” And the Vedic
literature is little more liberal. It does not say, “Thou
shall not kill,” but, “At least you should not kill
the cow.” But to stop wholesale killing is not possible.
The Vedic wisdom knows that. So at least you shall not kill cows.
That is civilization. Yet Christians are maintaining thousands
of slaughterhouses. (Garden Conversation: June 24, 1975, Los
from Vedic scriptures.
My last birth I was born in the family of cowherd men, and I gave
protection to the calves and cows. Because of such pious activities,
I have now become the son of a brahmana.” The words of Lord
Caitanya Mahaprabhu, the greatest authority, herein clearly indicate
that one becomes pious simply by keeping cows and protecting them.
Unfortunately, people have become such rascals that they do not
even care about the words of an authority. (Chaitanya Charitamrita
Adi-lila Chapter Seventeen, Text 111)
sacred cow is the mother of the cosmic powers, the daughter of
the beings of light, the sister of the sun-gods and the navel
center of truth. Speak to those who are aware; do not harm the
cow, for in so doing, you are harming the earth and all of humanity.
(Rig Veda 8.101.15)
protection means feeding the brahminical culture, which leads
towards God consciousness, and thus perfection of human civilization
Canto 1: Chapter Nineteen, Text 3)
Krishna says:-“I can be worshiped within the cows by offerings
of grass and other suitable grains and paraphernalia for the pleasure
and health of the cows.”
(Srimad Bhagavatam Canto 11: Chapter11, Text 43)
of the cow is accomplished by gently scratching, offering green
grass and circumambulating. When the cow is pleased Sri Gopal
is also pleased.
Sanskrit the very name of the cows is aghnya, meaning they should
never be slaughtered. Other names for cows are ahi ; not to be
killed and aditi ; not to be cut. Who, then, could slay them?
Surely, one who kills a cow or a bull commits the most heinous
of crimes. (Mahabharat Shanti-parva 262.47)
Go-mata ki Jaya!